Thai authorities have approved the use of cannabidiol (CBD) and hemp in herbal products, as well as hemp in food and cosmetics.
The government also removed cannabis and hemp extracts with tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of less than 0.2% from the list of banned narcotic substances, Cosmetics Design reported on 4 September.
CBD and THC are the two most common compounds found in cannabis. Hemp (a member of the cannabis family) contains a very low concentration of THC, the cannabinoid compound that contains psychoactive properties.
“The intention is to allow extracts to be used in medicine, cosmetics and food, and support hemp as a cash crop,” the Bangkok Post quoted FDA secretary general, Tares Krassanairawiwong as saying.
Only hemp extracts that contained a ratio of CBD to THC not exceeding 0.01% to 0.2% by weight could be used in herbal products and drugs.
Hemp seed oil, seeds, stems, fibres and dried bark could also be used in traditional medicine, foods and cosmetics.
Additionally, hemp was defined as the Cannabis Sativa L plant, where the THC content should not exceed 0.5% by weight of the flowers and stems, and when measured by the weight of seeds, it could not exceed 0.3%, Cosmetic Design wrote.
To protect the emerging industry, only licensed local producers were allowed to take part in it in the next five years.
The products produced would have to also be classified as drugs or herbal products under related laws and only be used for such purposes.
Thailand would issue more regulations, set up criteria and standards for use in herbal products, drugs and cosmetics, secretary general of the Office of the Narcotics Control Board (ONCB), Niyom Termsrisuk said.
In August, the country distributed its first batch of medical cannabis oil to hospitals, after medical marijuana was made legal last year.
Thailand’s Public Health Ministry recently granted permission to the Highland Research and Development Institute to grow local hemp strains in the Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Nan, Tak, and Phetchabun provinces.