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A second convoy of four ships left the ports of Ukraine on 7 August carrying almost 160,000 tonnes of agricultural products, APK Inform reported the Ukrainian Seaports Administration writing on its Facebook page.

According to the Ministry of Defence of Turkey, three vessels left the port of Chornomorsk and one the port of Odessa in convoy.

Mustafa Necati was carrying 6,000 tonnes of sunflower oil to Italy, Star Helena was heading to China with 45,000 tonnes of sunflowerseed, Glory was going to Istanbul with 66,000 tonnes of corn, and Riva Wind was moving to Iskenderun with 44,000 tonnes of corn, APK Inform wrote on 7 August.

The movement of vessels out of Ukraine followed a deal brokered by Turkey and the United Nations (UN) to restart exports from the country’s deep-sea ports, which had been blocked since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February.

The first ship left Odessa port on 1 August carrying 26,000 tonnes of Ukrainian corn, APK Inform wrote.

On 5 August, the first convoy of three ships started its journey.

Transporting a total of around 57,000 tonnes of Ukrainian corn, the Navi Star, the Rojen and the Polarnet, had formed a convoy and left the deep-sea ports of Odessa and Chornomorsk accompanied by tugs, an AgriCensus report on 5 August said.

Bound for Istanbul, Turkey, the Navi Star, was expected to arrive on 6 August, while the Polarnet, had an estimated arrival date of 7 August in the Turkish city of Derince.

The Rojen was due to arrive in the UK region of Teesside on 19 August, according to Marine Traffic data.

A fourth vessel, the Razoni, had passed inspections in Turkey and was on its way to its final destination of Tripoli in Lebanon, AgriCensus wrote.

Ukraine’s minister for infrastructure Oleksandr Kubrakov was quoted as saying on 5 August that the goal was to ensure the export of at least 3M tonnes/month of agricultural products from the deep-sea ports of Odessa, Chornomorsk and Pivdenniy.

According to estimates, Ukraine has stocks of around 16M tonnes of corn and wheat that it has been unable to export following Russia’s invasion of the country.

The Ukrainian Seaports Administration added that “it is planned to ensure the ability of the ports to handle at least 100 vessels per month in the near future”, APK Inform wrote.